How to Tune A Guitar


Getting to Know Your Guitar and How to Tune It

In this set of lessons we’re going to learn how to tune a guitar.

We’re going to go through a couple of different methods. And teach you string by string, note by note what it means to tune a guitar, why it’s important, and how to do it – step by step.

The strings of the guitar are anchored at two points. One here at the bridge, and the other at the tuning pegs. Each string has its own tuning peg. Now the idea is that the strings are pulled tight along this span, and the tuning pegs adjust how tightly they are pulled. The tighter we pull the wire, the higher the note goes, the looser the wire, the lower the note gets.

Each of these strings has a letter name that is the note that it is supposed to be tuned to. These notes are an absolute among all musicians, not just guitar players. If you want to play with others, and everyone is tuned to the same notes, then everyone is going to sound great together.

This first string starting closest to the player, that’s an E. The next one is an A. The next one is a D. Then there is a G. Then a B. Then there is another E.

In future lessons we will learn ways to make it easier to remember this. For now though, the most important thing to remember for how to tune your guitar, is that each string has its own letter name that it is supposed to be tuned to.

E    A    D    G    B    E

When these notes are right on (not too high or too low), you will be right in synch with all other instruments you may be playing with (as long as they are in tune too).

The next couple of lessons will go over different methods for getting your guitar in tune: using both an electric tuner, and the human ear.

The free online guitar tuner is a great resource to use for this purpose.